What are the benefits and risks of Testosterone Therapy

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Testosterone hormone is the most important sex hormone men possess. It plays a role in controlling the physical characteristics of males. It is synthesized in tastes. Testosterone hormones help men to keep sperm production, sex drive, body and facial hair, red blood cell synthesis, bone density, muscle mass and strength and fat distribution. During adolescent and early adulthood stage, the levels of testosterone hormones in the human body are at their peak. As one grows older the levels of testosterone hormones drastically reduce. It is advisable to determine whether the reduced levels of testosterone hormones as one becomes older is due to normal aging or hypogonadism disease. Hypogonadism disease occurs when there is a problem with the pituitary glands and testicles leading to low levels of testosterone hormones in the body. The decreased levels of testosterone hormone are associated with some adversarial health effects. Men who suffer from adverse health effects as result of reduced testosterone levels choose to replace testosterone hormone artificially. Testosterone therapy is the process which aims at treating the dangerous health effects of reduced levels of testosterone hormones. Testosterone therapy has its benefits and risks. This article discusses the benefits and risks of testosterone therapy and what one should consider before opting for testosterone therapy.  If you need more information, You can Read here about testosterone therapy.

Benefits of testosterone therapy 

Testosterone Therapy is crucial in reducing the effects of the hypogonadism disease. Though, it is still debatable if testosterone therapy has a beneficial effect on the healthy older male individuals. Many people believe that using testosterone drugs can rejuvenate their younger characteristics as they become old. However, research reveals that health males who use testosterone therapy increase muscle strength but do not have an effect on strength gain.

Testosterone therapy increases the population aging and longevity. These increase number of males who experience hypogonadism in their late ages. Hypogonadism is a common condition among men but is often not recognized and left untreated. The recommendation for testosterone therapy requires low volumes of testosterone hormones and hypogonadism signs and symptoms. However, there are still controversies on the recommendation for the testosterone medications in older men as result of the paucity of long-term and large-scale studies investigating the benefits of testosterone therapy in males.

Studies show that testosterone therapy increases bone mineral density. Surprisingly, sick men may have low bone mass and androgen deficiency. The prevalence rates of osteoporosis, osteopenia, and fracture are the same among the hypogonadal older and younger men. The occurrences of osteoporosis among men with declining testosterone levels are double the number of males with the normal volume of testosterone hormones. Testosterone hormones play critical roles in Body Mass Density (BMD). The bone density increases in both younger and older hypogonadal males when they are given testosterone medications. Testosterone produces the aforementioned effect by escalating the osteoblastic functions via aromatization to oestrogen which decreases osteoclastic activities.

Testosterone therapy boosts muscle strength and mass. As one become older various changes occur in the body which alters the body composition. The change in body composition is recognized by reduced fat-free mass and augmented and reorganized fat mass. These alterations can result in increased morbidity and functional limitations. The maximum strength of the muscles is directly related to the muscle mass and inversely proportional to age. Reducing levels of testosterone hormones that are observed as males become aged may be responsible for these changes by having a direct influence on the muscle cells by testosterone hormones. Furthermore, declining volumes of testosterone hormones in the body can trigger the IGF-1 expression indirectly and directly resulting in synthesis and growth of muscle proteins. Some epidemiological studies have indicated the relationship between fat-free mass and bioavailable testosterone concentrations. Though, in these epidemiological studies, the association with grip strength is not well explained. Testosterone therapy can be useful in correcting the age-dependent body composition alterations and related morbidity. By providing testosterone medications to men with declining volumes of testosterone hormones improves the decreased body composition of free-fat mass and also increases the lean body mass. The study reveals that testosterone therapy associated with a better improvement in grip strength than placebo.

Testosterone therapy increase mood, energy, and quality life. Men who are fifty years and above and have low volumes of testosterone hormones have a poor quality life. However, studies show that when these men were subjected to testosterone therapy, their mood, energy and quality life were improved.

Risks of testosterone therapy 

Testosterone therapy is associated with various health risks. It is responsible for sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a condition in which breathing continuously stops and starts. It is considered as a serious sleep disorder. Testosterone therapy upsurge the blood clotting risk that occurs in a deep vein. The formed clots could break up and move via the bloodstream to important organs such as the lung. The clots in the lungs block the flow of the blood (pulmonary embolism) resulting in a serious problem. Testosterone therapy increases the sizes of men breasts. Testosterone therapy reduces the size of testicles hence decrease sperm production. Testosterone therapy initiates the noncancerous in prostate glands which in turn lead to the development of prostate cancer. It is also associated with the skin reactions and acne. Furthermore, the studies linked testosterone therapy to heart disease risk. However, there are still confusing findings on this. Thus, the actual risk is still arguable.

Things to consider before you consider testosterone therapy 

Sometimes you may find it difficult to make a decision whether testosterone therapy is right for you or not. It is advisable for anyone considering testosterone therapy to talk to his or her doctor about the importance and adverse effects of testosterone medications. The doctor will assist you by determining the volume of your testosterone hormones more than twice before deciding whether to subject you to testosterone therapy or to consider other medications. In most instances, a medical state that results in an abnormal decrease of the testosterone hormone volume is the condition that is advisable for one to go for testosterone medication (testosterone supplement). Though, testosterone therapy is not recommended for the normal aging. The best ways to prevent the decline of the levels of testosterone hormones are through exercise which can either be by losing weight or increasing muscle mass.

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